Similarly, in modern physics, the strict methods of expression and explanation were removed and an alternative theory where items, such as energy, light and electrons, may have multiple properties, such as wavelike and particle like properties , was used. For example, the electron was now allowed to have a wavelike property in addition to classical physics’ theory of particle like properties. Bohr, in a talk at a conference in 1927, explained his beliefs that electrons possess wavelike and particle like properties. Moreover, for certain situations, the wavelike model of the electrons was sufficient to explain the phenomena, where in others, the particle like properties of electrons was sufficient to explain it.
Literature of the twentieth century was modern because it was well formed but it was presented in an unorthodox form. “… Such works stimulate engaged readers to interpret more independently, more sensually, more thoughtfully, more joyfully, less deferentially. In this sense, modernist literature is pedagogical, but without the pretentiousness or superiority associated with pedagogues; it is concrete, experiential, and sometimes disorienting because it operates according to different laws than the ones that most contemporary readers unconsciously expect to govern literary works….” This quote from The Modernist Literature by Mahaffey illustrates some of the properties of modern literature.